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Roger Weller, geology instructor

by Tyree Brown
Physical Geology
Fall 2016
      The Himalayas Life 

          Himalayas, Himalayas, Himalayas now when you hear this word you’re probably thinking what the hell the Himalayas are.  Well in this paper you will find out what are the Himalayas, how they affect the environment and life. The Himalayas (Sanskrit for abode of snow) are a mountain ranges in Asia that’s separates the plains of Indian from the Tibetan Plateau. It stretches about 1,500 miles and goes through the countries of Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Bhutan, Nepal, and of Course Indian.  The Himalayas is known to have three parallel ranges referred to Greater, Lesser and the Outer Himalayas.

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The Himalayas are also rich in biodiversity ranging from the Montane Grasslands, Coniferous Forest, Tropical and Sub-Tropical Broadleaf Forest.  In addition to these grasslands and forests the Himalayas are home to three major river sources for the continent of Asia. These three rivers are called Indus, Yangtze and Ganga-Brahmaputra if it was not for the Himalayas then these three rivers would not be here and not a major resource for Asia.  The Himalayas is the third largest deposit of ice and snow in the world of course after Antarctica and the Arctic. There are approximately 15,000 glaciers in the mountain range, at 48 miles the Himalayan Siachen glacier is the largest outside the poles.  Other glaciers in the Himalayas that are notable include Biafo, Hispur, Baltoro, and Nubra.

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The Movement of the Himalayas

The Himalaya mountain range is the only mountain range that is constantly having two plates collide with each other.  Because the movement of India and the pressure it keeps putting on the Asian continent makes Tibet in turn presses on the landmass to north hemming it in.  These causes make the plate-tectonics collide together which generates non-stop earthquakes in the mountain range.  As you can see in the diagram the Indian plate is moving north and east while the Eurasian plate is stationary which is causing the two to collide. The Himalayas is constantly on the moves and will keeping moving until the plates stop ramming into each other.  Even though the Himalayas can be beautiful they can also be dangerous too.

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Mount Everest

What most people do not know about the Himalayas is that it’s the home of some very important mountains and valleys.  Especially one mountain in particular and this mountain everyone knows as Mount Everest. The Himalayas is the home of the most legendary, and talk about mountain and that is Mount Everest.  Everest is 29,029ft tall (8,848) not only it’s the largest peak in the Himalayas, but it’s the largest peak on the entire planet the freaking entire planet!  Mount Everest can be seen used in tons of movies made throughout the years, and people climb to the top of Mount Everest for the fun it.  Another, additional facts that most people do not know about the Himalayas is that it’s one of the youngest mountain ranges on earth.  Also, the Nepalese call Mt. Everest “Samgarmatha” which means “Goddess of the Universe” or Forehead of the Sky”

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Civilization in the Himalaya region varies in many different ways. The Indic civilization is dominated by the caste system.  Its main religion happens to be the Bon religion which is a Tibetan religion form of Buddhism. However, due to the terrain and location of the Himalayas technology is not modern as it is in other countries. Due to the isolation because of the Himalayas the people in the region have to rely on hunting and gathering food to stay alive.  Also due to the weather of the Himalayas it is hard to grow crops, which causes some populations starve to death.  Living in the Himalayas can be cruel, challenging, and exciting it depends on how one lives their life.

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Minerals in the Himalayas range from little to a lot since it’s a huge mountain range.  However, there is five minerals that appear the most and is most common to us here in the United States.  Those five minerals are copper, zinc, nickel and cobalt, the Himalayas is also known for its famous pink salt.  Pink salt is use in many dishes and is also used to: reduce the signs of aging, promotes better sleep patterns, increases hydration, strengthen bones, and lowers blood pressure etc.  Pink salt is a valuable product from the Himalayas and the most used mineral out there. The Himalayas also produced most the world’s nature resources due to its many landscapes and forests.

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Animals in the Himalayan mountains range is vast and huge ranging from boars to leopars or even sheep. However, the Himalayan mountain range is famous for its 7 amazing animals. These 7 animals are: 7 wild boar, 6 Himalayan Blue Sheep, 5 Himalayan Black Bear, 4 Himalayan Monal, 3 Himalayan Tahr, 2 Red Panda, and 1 Snow Leopard. Some of these animals can only be found in the Himalayan mountains range especially the tahr, red panda, and Monals. The Himalayan mountain range is a beautiful peace of land created, supporting everything and anything it can.

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As mentioned before in the previous paragraphs the Himalayas is a vast and beautiful mountain range that can support wonderful life. It is also a mountain range home to the tallest mountain peaks, and one of the youngest ones too. The Himalayas no matter what will not let anything down and well be one the most looked and observed by geologists. The Himalayas are an interesting place to study and a great masterpiece of art created by God himself.  Now that you been taken through the journey of the Himalayas now you know its life.






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