Photo by R.Weller/Cochise College
The name topaz is
sad to come from the word “topazes” meaning found in Arabic. The Indian word
“topas” meaning fire is another root word that topaz supposedly came from. This
word means fire. (History and Legend). There is a third word that topaz
supposedly comes from and that is topazius meaning to seek. (Fredrik h. Pough).
However it is not sure where this word comes from. Topaz is unquestionably an
ancient healing stone and gemstone. (History and Legend). The Egyptians
believed that topaz was colored with a golden glow of the mighty sun god Ra.
Because of this they believed that topaz was very powerful and protected
faithful against harm. The Romans associated topaz with Jupiter, who was their
god of sun (www.pgrgem.com). The Romans
considered topaz to be a symbol of power of the ruler who had it. They also
believed that it bestowed wisdom on the ruler. The royal crown of
also believed that topaz had many healing and magical powers. Some believe that
topaz will help you to be clear sighted. It does this by dispelling all
enchantment and therefore improving eyesight. The ancient Greeks believed that
topaz had the power to increase strength and make its wearer invisible in times
of emergency. Some people also believed that topaz changed color if it was near
poisoned food or drink. Topazes mystical curative powers waxed and waned with
the phases of the moon, it was said to cure insomnia, asthma, and hemorrhages,
(www.pgrgem.com). Topaz is also said to
stimulate the metabolism and digestion. It heightens the taste buds, or at
least some ancient cultures thought so. According to ancient tradition it
standers the flow of blood. Topaz is said to promote relaxation and ease
tension. White topaz specifically has been said to help the wearer to take on
new projects. Blue topaz has been said to promote artistic inspiration. Yellow
topaz has been said to counteract bad moods and calm irritability caused by
sleep deprivation. The magical powers that the ancient civilizations believed
topaz symbolized was the joy of life. The person who wears topaz is said to
take delight in the world and himself. They will also embark on the path of
self-realization. Topaz has also been considered to have great cooling powers.
These include cooling boiling water and cooling hot tempers.
Topaz is number
eight on moth’s scale of hardness. Topaz has a density of three point five to
three point six. It has refractive indices around one point sixty-two. Topaz
has perfect basal cleavage. This means that its lines of cleavage are parallel
and therefore break in a perfect line. When setting a topaz stone in a piece of
jewelry the jeweler has to make sure that the cleavage is set at an angle so
that it won’t break easily. If the stone is not set properly it would break on
the cleavage much easier than any one would want. Then no one would want to own
topaz because they would not want to waste their money on something that is
just going to break on them. Topaz has a weak dichroism causing it to be
elongated, giving it a richer color than quartz. This is important because some
jewelers will try to sell quartz as brown topaz. They do this because brown
topaz or “precios topaz” is the most sought after and expensive topaz. Precious
topaz has a much higher refractive indent then quartz. It is much more
attractive then quartz. (Lapidary Journal).
Topaz comes in many colors.
Brown topaz is also known as “precious”, “Champagne” or even “Smokey” topaz.
Brown topaz is not a completely stable color. Because of this it could fade is
constantly exposed to sunlight or strong incandescent lighting, (www.pgrgem.com). There is a clear topaz that looks a lot like a
diamond. The only thing is that is does not shine as well as diamonds and it
breaks a lot easier.
Photos by R.Weller/Cochise College
There is a pink topaz, however there is not a lot of information on it, so it probably is not used in jewelry as much as the other colors. There is a yellow topaz, however it has been used so much that it has become extremely rare to find. There is a green topaz but most people have never seen it so it is not talked about very much. There is an orange topaz, a sherry topaz and a red topaz. These three are only mentioned in one article, so they must not be very common either, (www.pgrgem.com). Then there is blue topaz. The blue topaz is naturally occurring but the rarest of all of the topaz colors. Since blue topaz is sold in jewelry most often of all the topazes it has to man made. It is man made by heating clear topaz to a certain degree. Clear topaz can also be changed into blue by being irradiated. (www.pgrgem/com). There are three different shades of blue and each one of them has their own name. The first is sky blue which is the lightest of all the blue topazes. Swiss blue is the second and it is a moderate blue color. The last is what is called
Topaz has been
found in many different mines all around the world. There are mines in
is formed from gas and volatiles trapped in freezing granite. When found topaz
crystals are isolated in pockets and are often very large. At the