Cochise College          Photos of Minerals

                          Geology Home Page                

                          Roger Weller, geology instructor

                                  copyright 2006-R.Weller

Mineral Information on:

Chemical Group:    silicate  (plagioclase feldspar)

Chemical Formula:   
  Labradorite is a mid-composition plagioclase feldspar 
     Labradorite ranges from 30% to 50%
NaAlSi3O8 and 70% to 50% CaAl2Si2O8.

Color: white, gray, reddish, greenish, yellowish, brown, colorless  
     Sometimes displays schiller, a bluish or multi-colored opalescence    

Transparency:  transparent to translucent                   

Streak:  uncolored        Luster:  vitreous, pearly        Tenacity:  brittle


Hardness:  5 to 6             Specific Gravity:  2.60 to 2.75                  

Fracture:   uneven to conchoidal

Cleavage:  (001) perfect and (010) slightly less

Crystal Forms: Triclinic system
     Crystals prismatic
     Commonly shows polysynthetic (plagioclase) twinning.

Mineral habits:  massive, granular, coarse lamellar
Mineral Associations:  diorite, gabbro, norite, andesite

Identifying Characteristics:   plagioclase twinning and schiller

Uses:  gemstone, decorator rock

Occurrences:  Labrador, Canada; New York

Toxicity:      when-swallowed- moderate              when inhaled- high

Additional Information: