Cochise College          Photos of Minerals

                          Geology Home Page                

                          Roger Weller, geology instructor

                          wellerr@cochise.edu
                                  copyright 2006-R.Weller
 

Mineral Information on:
chrysoberyl


Chemical Group:   silicate    

Chemical Formula:  
BeAl2O4  


Color: asparagus green, grass-green, emerald-green, greenish white,  yellowish green,
        brownish green, red                  

Fracture:   uneven to subconchoidal 

 

Hardness:     8.5         Specific Gravity:   3.5 to 3.84           

Cleavage:  (011) distinct, (010) imperfect          Luster:   vitreous

Tenacity:  brittle                 Streak:  uncolored
 

Transparency:  transparent to translucent

 

Crystal Forms: Orthorhombic system
     Commonly forms twins; twins often are pseudo-hexagonal.

Mineral Associations:  found in granites, pegmatites, and mica schists

Identifying Characteristics:

Uses:  gemstone (alexandrite)

Occurrences:  Ural Mountains; also Maine, Connecticut, and New York 

Toxicity:      when-swallowed-        when inhaled-

Additional Information:  Alexandrite is green under sunlight, but red in artificial light