Eastern Canada- Glaciation Striations                      
Cochise College                                                                                        
Geology Home Page 

Geology Exploration Using Google Earth  
Roger Weller, geology instructor 
wellerr@cochise.edu)  9/26/16        15 views

     In many beginning level geology textbooks it is briefly mentioned that the source area for the ice sheets
that covered much of North America during tghe last age started in central Quebec.  Usually the discussion
stops there.  No evidence is provided for the statement.  Wouldn't be nice to see some of the evidence.
Well, here it is, thanks to the opportunity provided by Google Earth.

area being studied

 Several thousand glacial striations and grooves were mapped in order to create this map.  The
project was more complicated than what I originally anticipated.  In many areas the striations were
quite apparent, but I also had to contend with 11,000 years of erosion, overlapping sets of glacial
striations from earlier advances, exposed folded rock layers, and random faults and fractures. 

overall view of the glaciated area

     In order to grasp the full significance of the size of this feature, you need a map scale.

region of prevalent glacial striations

A closer view of the southern portion of the glaciated area shows the large number of lines needed to
delineate the glacial striations.  These lines were generated by using the measuring tool that accompanies
Google Earth.

closer view of the southern portion

closer view of the western portion

closer view of the eastern portion

   Mapping the northern portion of the glaciated area proved to be problematic.  In the case of
overlapping striation patterns, it was difficult to decide which one was the most recent.  Some the
the older patterns were larger and deeper than the youngest striations.  Some of the younger striations
also turned and followed the older grooves.  A real problem occurred with the exposed areas of folded
rocks.  The exposed rock layers closely resembled glacial grooves.  Some of the linears in the northern
area might actually be exposed rock layers, not glacial grooves.  The data for these lines is in a kml file
that allows editing of the features, removing or adding new lines.

closer view of the northern portion

an even closer view showing the uniformity of the flow pattern of glaciation

an even closer view of what the glacial striations actually looked like

the same area as viewed above but with the glacial pattern marked with lines

an even closer view of actual glacial striations

an oblique view of a well known feature, the Clearwater Lakes meteorite impact structures,
heavily glaciated

a final view of the complexity of glaciation plus a scale for size

Just credit photos to Google Earth/R.Weller/Cochise College.