Arizona Geology References: T
Cochise College 
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Roger Weller, geology instructor   wellerr@cochise.edu
last edited:  12/8/15

 

references
 

Table Top Mountains

*Adrian, B.M., Fey, D.L., Bradley, L.A., O'Leary, R.M., and Nowland, G.A., 1987, Analytical results and sample locality maps of stream-sediment, panned concentrate, and rock samples from Baboquivari Peak, Coyote Mountains, and Table Top Mountains Wilderness Study Areas, Pima, Pinal, and Maricopa Counties, Arizona: USGS Open File Report OF 87-0163, 23 p.
*McDonnell, J.R., Jr., 1986, Mineral investigation of a part of the Table Top Mountains Wilderness Study Area (AZ-020-172), Pinal and Maricopa Counties: US Bur. of mines Land Assessment Report MLA 54-86, 14 p.
*Peterson, J.A., Tosdal, R.M., and Hornberger, M.I., 1987, Geologic map of the Table Top Mountain Wilderness Study Area, Pinal and Maricopa Counties, Arizona: USGS Misc. Field Studies MF-1951, 1:24,000.

Tanque Verde Ridge
* Leger, A.B., 1967, Structure and tectonic history of the southwest part of Tanque Verde ridge, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 40 p.

Tanque Verde Wash
*Streits, R., 1962, Subsurface stratigraphy and hydrology of the Rillito Creek-Tanque Verde Wash area, Tucson, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 60 p.
 

Teapot Mountain
*Creasey, S.C., and others, 1975, Preliminary geologic map of the Teapot Mountain quadrangle, Pinal County, Arizona: USGS Open-File Report 75-314, 1:24,000.

Tectonics-Central Arizona
*Davis, G.A., Lister, G.S., and Reynolds, S.J., 1986, Structural evolution of the Whipple and South Mountain shear zone, southwestern United States: Geology, v.14, p. 7-10.
*Fryxell, J.E., Stimac, J.A., and Reynolds, S.J., 1987, Superimposed domino-style normal faults in a Tertiary bimodal volcanic complex, Wickenburg Mountains and vicinity, central Arizona (abs.): GSA Abstracts with Programs, v.19, no.7, p.670.
*Spencer, J., and Reynolds, S., 1986, Relationship of the transition zone to Mesozoic and Cenozoic tectonism in the Basin and Range Province, Arizona (abstr.): GSA Abstracts with Prog., v.18, p. 415
 

Tectonics- Eastern Arizona

*Cather, S.M., and Johnson, B.O., 1986, Eocene depositional systems and tectonic framework of west-central New Mexico and eastern Arizona; in Peterson, J.A., ed., Paletectonics and sedimentation in Rocky Mountain region, United States: AAPG Memoir 41, p. 623-652.

 

Tectonics- North Central Arizona

*Akers, J.P., 1962, Relation of faulting to the occurrence of groundwater in the Flagstaff area, Arizona: USGS Prof. Paper 450-B, p. 97.

 

Tectonics-Northern Arizona
*Babenroth, D.L., and Strahler, A.N., 1845, Geomorphology and structure of the East Kaibab monocline, Arizona and Utah: GSA Bulletin, v.56, n.2, p. 107-150.
*Kiven, C.W., 1977, Kinematics of deformation at the southwest corner of the Monument uplift: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, 84 p.

*Shoemaker, E.M., Squires, R.L., and Abrams, M.L., The Bright Angel and Mesa Butte fault systems of northern Arizona: in- Smith, R.B., and Eaton, G.D., eds., Cenozoic tectonics and regional geophysics of the western Cordillera: GSA Memoir 152, p. 341-368.

 

Tectonics-South Central Arizona

*Haxel, G.B., Anderson, T.H., Riggs, N.R., and Goodwin, L.B., 1988, The Papago terrane: a crustal anomaly in south-central Arizona and north-central Sonora (abstr.): GSA Abstracts with Prog., v.20, p.168.

 

Tectonics- Southeastern Arizona

*Bilodeau, W., 1982, Tectonic models for Early Cretaceous rifting in southeastern Arizona: Geology, v.10, p. 466-470.
*Drewes, H., 1981, Tectonics of southeastern Arizona: USGS Professional Paper 1144, 96 p.
*Jones, R.W., 1963, Structural evolution of part of southeastern Arizona: AAPG Mem. 2, p. 140-151.
*Pearthree, P.A., 1986, Late Quaternar faulting and seismic hazard in southeastern Arizona and adjacent portions of New Mexico and Sonora, Mexico: Ariz. Bur. Geol. and Min. Tech., Open-File Report 86-8, 22 p.

*Simons, F.S., Raup, R.B., Hayes, P.T., and Drewes, H., 1966, Exotic blocks and coarse breccia in Mesozoic volcanic rocks in southeastern Arizona: USGS Prof. Paper 550-D, p. D12-D22.

 

Tectonics-Southwestern Arizona

*Spencer, J.E., et al, 1995, Spatial and temporal relationship between mid-Tertiary magnetism and extension in southwestern Arizona: Jour. Geophys. Res. B, Solid Earth and Planets, v.100, no.6, p.10,321-10,351.

 

Tectonics-West Central Arizona

*Cather, S.M., and Johnson, B.D., 1984, Eocene tectonics and depositional setting of west-central New Mexico and eastern Arizona: New Mexico Bur. Mines and Min. Res. Circular 192, 33 p.
*Richard, S.M., Reynolds, S.J., Spencer, J.E., and Laubach, S., 1986, Regionally penetrative gently dipping faults and fabrics, Harcuvar complex, west-central Arizona (abs.): GSA Abstracts with Programs, v.18, no.5, p.406.
*Spencer, J.E., Reynolds, S.J., and Welty, J.W., 1988, Control of mineralization by Mesozoic and Cenozoic low-angle structures in west-central Arizona: Society of Mining Engineers Annual Meeting, 117th, Phoenix, ariz., Preprint Number 88-46, 4 p.

*Spencer, J.E., and Reynolds, S.J., 1990, Relationship between Mesozoic and Cenozoic tectonic features in west-central Arizona and adjacent southeastern California: Jour. of Geophys. Res., v.95, p. 539-555.

 

Tectonics-Western Arizona
*Laubach, S.E., Reynolds, S.J., Spencer, J.E., and Marshak, S., 1984, Polyphase deformation history of Mesozoic metasedimentary rocks in western Arizona (abs): GSA Abstracts with Programs, v.16, no.6, p.570.
*Moyer, T.C., 1989, N-S oriented rhyolite volcanism in western Arizona; foreshadowing of late Tertiary stress rotation in the Southern Basin and Range (abstr.): GSA- Cordilleran Section, 85th ann. meet. and Rocky Mountain Section 45th annual meeting,  Abstracts with Prog., v.21, no.5, p.119-120.

Tempe
*Bales, J., 1985, Environmental geology of the Tempe quadrangle, Maricopa County, Arizona, pt.2: M.S. thesis, Arizona State University, Tempe, 102 p.

Tertiary
*Eastwood, R.L., 1970, A geochemical-petrological study of Pima and Pinal Counties, Arizona: PhD dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, 212 p.

 

Texas Lineament
*Albriton, C.C., Jr., and Smith, J.F., Jr., 1956, The Texas lineament: 1st Geol. Congress, Sec.5, p.501-518.
*Krause, D.C., 19??, Texas Zone-Sierra Lane Zone: Science, v.146, n.3640, p. 57-59.
*Swan, M.M., 1976, The Stockton Pass fault: an element of the Texas Lineament: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 119 p.

 

Three Points, Pima County

*Pearthree, P.A., Ferguson, C.A., Gilbert, W.G., and Slotnicki, S.J., Geologic map of the Three Points 7.5 minute quadrangle, Pima County, Arizona: Ariz. Geol. Survey Digital Geol. Map 3 (DGM 03), 1:24,000.

 

Thrust Faults

*Cunningham, W.D., 1986, Superimposed thrusting in the northern Granite Wash Mountains, La Paz County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 112 p., 1:10,000.

*Gilluly, J., 1941, Thrust faulting in the Dragoon Mountains, Arizona (abstr): GSA Bull., v.52, n.12, p.1949.

*Haxel, G.B., and Grubensky, M.J., 1984, Tectonic significance of localization of middle Tertiary detachment faults along Mesozoic and early Tertiary thrust faults (abstr.): GSA Abstracts with Programs, v.16, p. 533.

*Haxel, G.B., Tosdal, R.M., May, D.J., and Wright, J.E., 1984, Latest Cretaceous and early Tertiary orogenesis in south-central Arizona: Thrust faulting, regional metamorphism, and granitic plutonism: GSA Bull., v.95, p. 631-653.
*Laubach, S.E., Reynolds, S.J., Spencer, J.E., and Richard, S.M., 1986, Thrust-related metamorphism, Granite Wash Mountains, west-central Arizona (abs.): GSA Abstracts with Programs, v.18, no.2, p.126.
*Miller, F.K., and Mc Kee, E.H., 1971, Thrust and strike-slip faulting in the Plomosa Mountains, southwestern Arizona: GSA Bull., v.82, p. 711-722.
*Puls, D.D., 1986, Geometric and kinematic analysis of a Proterozoic foreland thrust belt, northern Mazatzal Mountains, central Arizona: M.S. thesis, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, 102 p.
*Richard, S.M., Reynolds, S.J., and Spencer, J.E., 1985, Mesozoic thrust sheets of the Harquahala and Little Harquahala Mountains, western Arizona (abs): GSA Abstracts with Programs, v.17, no.6, p.404.

*Tosdal, R.M., 1982, The Mule Mountains thrust in the Mule Mountains, California, and its probable extension in the southern Dome Rock Mountains, Arizona-a preliminary report: in- Frost, E.G., and Martin, D.L., eds., Mesozoic-Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Colorado River region, California, Arizona, and Nevada: San Diego, California, Cordilleran Pub., p. 55-60.
*Wilson, R.A., 1934, Thrust faulting in the Empire Mountains of southeastern Arizona: Jour. Geol., v.42, p. 422-429.

Tiger Wash
*Pearthree, P.A., Klawon, J.E., and Lehman, T.W., 2004, Geomorphology and hydrology of an alluvial fan flood on tiger Wash, Maricopa and la Paz counties, west-central Arizona; Arizona Geological Survey Open-file Report 04-02, 41 p., 1:24,000.

 

Tillie Hall Peak

*Hedlund, D.C., 1993, Geologic map of the Tillie Hall Peak Quadrangle, Greenlee County, Arizona and Grant County, New Mexico: USGS Geol. Quad. Map GQ-1715, 1:24,000.
 

Tip Top District, Yavapai County
*Kortemeier, C.P., 1984, Geology of the Tip Top district, Yavapai County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Arizona State University, Tempe, 137 p., 1:6,000.

Tombstone
*Hollyday, E.F., 1963, A geohydrologic analysis of mine dewatering and water development, Tombstone, Cochise County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 90 p.
*Lee, L.C., 1967, The economic geology of portions of the Tombstone-Charleston district, Cochise County, Arizona in light of 1967 silver economics: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 99 p.
*Patch, S., 1969, Petrology and stratigraphy of the Epitaph Dolomite (Permian) in the Tombstone Hills, Cochise County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 42 p.
*Rasor, C.A., 1937, Mineralogy and Petrography of the Tombstone Mining District, PhD dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, 115 p.
*Spangler, D.P., 1969, A geophysical study of the hydrogeology of the Walnut-Gulch experimental watershed, Tombstone, Arizona: PhD dissertation, University  of Arizona, Tucson, 103 p.

 

Tohono O'Odham Indian Nation-Geologic Map

*Beikman, H.M., Haxel, G.B., and Miller, R.J., 1995, Geologic map of the Tohono O'Odham Indian Nation, southern Arizona; USGS Misc. Inv. Map I-2017 (1:125,000).

 

Tonto Basin
*Anderson, L.W., and Piety, L.A., 1987, Quaternary history of the Tonto basin and vicinity, Salt River, Arizona (abstr.): GSA Abstracts with Program, 1987 annual meeting, p. 572.
*Conway, C., 1976, Petrology, structure, and evolution of a Precambrian volcanic and plutonic complex, Tonto Basin, Gila County, Arizona: PhD dissertation, Calif. Inst. Tech., Pasadena, California, 523 p.
*Conway, C.M., and Wrucke, C.T., 1986, Proterozoic geology of the Sierra Ancha-Tonto Basin, Mazatzal Mountains area, road log and field trip guide: Arizona Geol. Soc. Digest, in- Frontiers in geology and ore deposits of Arizona and the Southwest, Barbara Beatty, ed. and others, v.16, p. 227-247.
*Ferguson, C.A., Skotnicki, S.J., and Gilbert, W.G., 1998, Geology of the Tonto Basin 7.5' Quadrangle, Gila and Maricopa counties, Arizona: Arizona  Geological Survey Open-File Report OFR-98-16, 15 p., map 1:24,000.

*Kortemeier, W.T., 1986, Ongonite and topazite dikes in the Flying W Ranch area, Tonto basin Arizona: M.S. thesis, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 94 p.
*Kortemeier, W.T., and Burt, D.M., 1985, Dikes of ongonite and topazite from the Tonto Basin, central Arizona (abst); in AGU 1985 fall meeting, EOS, Trans. AGU, v.66, n.46, p.1136.
*Richards, A.M., 1987, Gravity analysis of the Tonto and Payson basins, central Arizona: M.S. thesis, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, 162 p.
  

Tonto Group

*Wheeler, R.B. and Kerr, A.R., 1936, Preliminary report on the Tonto group of the Grand Canyon, Arizona: Grand Canyon Nat. Hist. Assoc. Bull. 5, p.1-6.

 

Toroweap Formation

*Belden, W.A., 1954, The stratigraphy of the Toroweap formation, Aubrey Cliffs, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 77 p.

*Belden, J.A., 1971, The petrology of the eastern phase of the Toroweap Formation, Walnut Canyon, Coconino County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Northern Arizona Univ.
*Evans, T.J., Jr., 1971, A stratigraphic study of the Toroweap Formation (Permian) between Sycamore and Oak Creek Canyons, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 111 p.

*Fenton, C.R., Webb, R.H., Pearthree, P.A., Cerling, T.E., and Poreda, R.J., 2001, Displacement rates on the Toroweap and Hurricane faults; implications for Quaternary downcutting in the Grand Canyon, Arizona: Geology (Boulder), v.29, n.11, p.1035-1038.

*McKee, E.D., 1938, The environment and history of the Toroweap and Kaibab Formations of northern Arizona and southern Utah: Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication 492.

*Mullens, R.L., 1967, Stratigraphy and environment of the Toroweap Formation (Permian) north of Ashfork, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 101 p.

*Pfirman, R.S., 1968, Stratigraphy and history of the Toroweap Formation (Permian) between Grindstone and Sycamore Canyon, Coconino County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 108 p.

Total Wreck Ridge
* Butler, W.C., 1969, The Upper Paleozoic stratigraphy of the Total Wreck ridge, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 138 p.

Tortilla Mountains
*Naruk, S.J, and others, 1987, Reply on "Kink folding   in an extended terrane: Tortilla Mountains, southeastern Arizona": Geology, v.15, p. 871-872.
*Schmidt, E.A., 1971, A structural investigation of the northern Tortilla Mountains, Pinal County, Arizona: PhD dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, 248 p.
*Schwartz, R.J., 1954, Detailed geologic reconnaissance of the central Tortilla mountains, Pinal County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 82 p.

Tortolita Mountains
*Banks, N.G., and others, 1976, Maps showing mines, mineralization and alteration in the Tortolita Mountains quadrangle, Arizona: USGS Open File 76-764, 1:62,500.
*Banks, N.G., and others, 1977, Reconnaissance geologic map of the Tortolita Mountains quadrangle, Arizona: USGS Misc. Field Studies MF-864, 1:62,500.
*Budden, R.T., 1975, The Tortolita-Santa Catalina Mountain complex: M.S., University of Arizona, Tucson,133 p.
*Creasey, S.C., and others, 1976, Middle Tertiary plutonism in the Santa Catalina and Tortolita Mountains, Arizona: USGS Open-File Report 76-262.
*Dockter, R.D., and Banks, N.G., 1977, Map showing photo lineaments in the Tortolita Mountains quadrangle, Arizona: USGS Open File Report 77-152, 1:62,5000.
*Ferguson, C.A., and others, 2003, Geologic map of the Tortolita Mountains, Pinal and Pima Counties, Arizona: Arizona Geological Survey Digital Geologic Map 26, 46 p., 1:24,000.
*Hoffman, V.J., 1963, Heavy mineral distribution in sands of the Tortolita Mountain pediment, southern Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 72 p.
*Keith, S.B., Reynolds, S.J., Damon, P.E., and others, 1980, Evidence for multiple intrusion and deformation within the Santa Catalina-Rincon-Tortolita crystalline complex, southern Arizona: GSA Memoir 153, p. 217-267.
 
Tourmaline 
*Lausen, C., 1926, Tourmaline-bearing cinnabar veins of the Mazatzal Mountains, Arizona: Econ. Geology, v.21, p. 782-781.

Transition Zone
*Peirce, H.W., 1985, Arizona's backbone-the Transition Zone: Ariz. Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, v. 15, n.3, p. 1-6.
*Rhys-Evans, G., 2007, Geology of Bloody Basin: Central Arizona's Transition Zone. Arizona Geological Survey, CR-07-B, 1:24,000 scale, 121 p.
*Spencer, J., and Reynolds, S., 1986, Relationship of the transition zone to Mesozoic and Cenozoic tectonism in the Basin and Range Province, Arizona (abstr.): GSA Abstracts with Prog., v.18, p. 415.
 

Triassic

*Harshnarger, J.W., and others, 1957, Stratigraphy of the uppermost Triassic and Jurassic rocks of the Navajo country (Colorado Plateau): USGS Prof. Paper 291, 74 p.
*Kintzinger, P.R., 1957, Paleomagnetic survey of Triassic rocks from Arizona: GSA Bull., v.68, n.7, p. 931-932.
*Reynolds, S.J., Spencer, J.E., and DeWitt, E., 1987, Stratigraphy and U-Pb geochronology of Triassic and Jurassic rocks in west-central Arizona, in Dickinson, W.R., and Klute, M.A., eds., Mesozoic rocks of southern Arizona and adjacent areas: Arizona Geol. Soc. Digest, v.18.


 

Troy Quartzite

*Burns, B.A., 1987, The sedimentology and significance of a Middle Proterozoic braidplain; Chediski Sandstone member of the Troy Quartzite, central Arizona: M.S. thesis, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, 143 p.
*Krieger, M.H., 1961, Troy quartzite (younger Precambrian) and Bolsa and Abrigo formations, northern Galiuro Mountains, southeastern Arizona: in- Short papers in the geologic and hydrologic sciences, USGS Prof. Paper 424-C, p. C-160.
*Tabmazian, G.A., 1964, Petrography of the Troy and Martin clastic sequence at Roosevelt Dam, Gila County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, 95 p.
*Weiss, G.C., 1986, A depositional analysis of the arkose member (middle-Proterozoic) of the Troy Quartzite in central Arizona: M.S. thesis, Northern Arizona university, Flagstaff, 191 p.
 

Tsegi Canyon

*Briscoe, Melanie, An Investigation of the Invertebrate Paleontology of the Tsegi and Naha Formations in Tsegi Canyon, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Northern Arizona university, Flagstaff, 77p.

 

Tubac

*Helmick, W.R., 1986, The Santa Cruz River terraces near Tubac, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 90 p.
*Youberg, A., and Helmick, W.R., 2002, Surficial geology and geologic hazards of the Amado-Tubac area, Santa Cruz and Pima counties, Arizona: Ariz. Geol. Survey Digital Map 13, 17 p., 1:24,000.

 

Tucson, Pima County

*Ali, M.M., 1987, A probabilistic analysis of the distribution of collapsing soil in Tucson using Kriging method: Ph.D. diss., Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 252 p.
*Anderson, S.R., and Hanson, R.T., 1987, Relation of aquifer compaction to Cenozoic depositional environments in the Tucson basin, Arizona (abstr.): GSA Abstracts with Program, 1987 annual meeting, p. 573.
*Arnold, L.C., 1971, Structural geology along the southeastern margin of the Tucson basin, Pima County, Arizona: PhD dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, p.99 p.
*Bickerman, M., 1963, Origin of Cat Mountain rhyolite: Arizona Geol. Soc. Digest, v.6, p. 83-90.
*Cooley, D.B., 1966, Geological environment and engineering properties of caliche in the Tucson area, Tucson, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 96 p.
*Cooley, M.E., 1973, Map showing distribution and estimated thickness of alluvial deposits in the Tucson area, Arizona: USGS Misc. Inv. I-844-C, 1:250,000.
*Davidson, E.S., 1973, Index and description of flood-prone area maps in the Tucson-Phoenix area, Arizona: USGS Misc. Inv. I-843-A, 1:500,000.
*Davis, R.W., 1967, A geophysical investigation of hydrologic boundaries in the Tucson Basin, Pima County, Arizona: PhD, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 64 p.
*Davis, R.W., 1972, An analysis of gravity data from the Tucson basin: Arizona Geological Society Digest, vol.9.

*Ganus, W.J., 1965, Lithologic and structural influences on the hydrodynamics of Tucson Basin, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 37 p.
*Hanson, R.T., 1988, Aquifer-system compaction, Tucson basin and Avra Valley, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona,.
*Hoffmann, J.P., Pool, D.R., Konieczki, A.D., and Carpenter, M.C., 1998, Causes of sinks near Tucson, Arizona, USA: Hydrology Journal, v.6, n.3, p. 349-364.
*Keith, S.B., Reynolds, S.J., Rehrig, W.A., and Richard, S.M., 1931, Low-angle tectonic phenomena between Tucson and Salome, Arizona: Ariz. Bur. Geolo. and Min. Tech. Open-File Report 81-2, 114 p.
*Keyes, C.R., 1930, Colossal Cave in Arizona: Pan-American Geol., v.53, p. 365-366.
*Mayo, E.B., 1963, Volcanic orogeny of the Tucson Mountains (A preliminary report): Ariz. Geol. Soc. Digest, v.6, p. 61-82.
*Miller, J.B., 1961, Sedimentation studies in the Sabino Canyon area near Tucson, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 57 p.
*Moore, R.T., et al, 1974 (1975), Map showing nonmetallic mineral deposits in the Tucson area, Arizona: USGS Misc. Inv. I-844-J, 1:250,000.
*Osterkamp, W.R., 1973, Map showing depth to water in wells in the Tucson area, Arizona: USGS Misc. Inv. I-844-D, 1:250,000.
*Osterkamp, W.R., 1973, Ground-water recharge in the Tucson area, Arizona: USGS Misc. Inv., I-844-E, 1:250,000.
*Osterkamp, W.R., 1973, Map showing distribution of recoverable groundwater in the Tucson area, Arizona: USGS Misc. Inv. I-844-F, 1:250,000.
*Pashley, E.F., 1966, Structure and stratigraphy of the central, northern, and eastern parts of the Tucson Basin, Arizona: PhD, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 273 p.
*Platt, W.S., 1963, Land surface subsidence in the Tucson area: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, 38 p.
*Plouff, D., 1961, Gravity survey near Tucson, Arizona: USGS Prof. Paper 424-D, p. 258-259.
*US Dept. Agriculture, and Arizona Water Commission, 1973, Map of land status in the Tucson area, Arizona-1973: USGS Misc. Inv. I-844-A, 1:250,000.
*Sauk, W.A., Sumner, J.S., and Christensen, J.P., 1972, Aeromagnetic map of the northern part of the Tucson Basin, Pima County, Arizona: Arizona Geological society Digest, vol.9.
*Smoor, P.B., 1967, Hydrochemical facies study of groundwater in the Tucson basin: PhD, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 247 p.
*Spencer, J.E., Emer, D.F., and Shenk, J.D., 1987, Geology, radioactivity, and radon at the Cardinal Avenue uranium occurrence, southwestern Tucson,: Ariz. Bur. of Geology and Mineral Tech. Open-File Report 87-3, 16 p.
*Streitz, R., 1962, Subsurface stratigraphy and hydrology of the Rillito Creek-Tanque Verde Wash area, Tucson, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 60 p.
*Tolman, C.F., 1909, Geology of the vicinity of the Tumamoc Hills: Carnegie Inst., Washington, Publ. No. 113, p. 67-82.
*Truebe, H., 1991, Application of geographic information system technology to the recognition of prospecting targets in the eastern half of the Tucson quadrangle, Arizona: PhD, University of Arizona, Tucson, 215 p.
*Turner, R.M., 1974 (1975), Map showing vegetation in the Tucson area, Arizona: USGS Misc. Inv. I-844-H, 1:250,000.
*USGS, 1976, Preliminary map showing potential for copper deposits in the Tucson 2 degree quadrangle, Arizona: USGS Open File Report 76-458, 1:250,000.
*Zidwai, Z.U., 1957, The relationship of groundwater to alluvium in the Tucson area: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 55 p.
 

Tucson Mountains, Pima County

*Assadi, S.M., 1964, Structure of Golden Gate Mountain, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 62 p.
*Bikerman, M., 1963, A geologic-geochemical study of the Cat mountain rhyolite: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 43 p.
*Bikerman, M., and Damon, P.E., 1966, K/Ar chronology of the Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: GSA Bull. 77, p.1225.
*Brown, W.H., 1939, Tucson Mountains, an Arizona basin range type: GSA Bull., v.50, p. 696-760.
*Bryant, D., 1952, Paleozoic and Cretaceous stratigraphy of the Tucson Mountains: Arizona Geol. Soc. Guidebook I, p. 33-42.
*Champney, R.D., 1962, Structural geology of a rhyolite flow in the Tucson Mountains: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 43 p.
*Colby, R.E., 1958, Stratigraphy and structure of the Recreation Red Beds, Tucson Mountain Park, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 64 p.
*Davis, G.H., and others, 1979, Origin and provenance of some exotic blocks in lower Mesozoic red-bed basin deposits, southern Arizona: GSA Bull., v.90, p. 376-
*Frank, T.R., 1970, Geology and mineralization of the Saginaw Hill area, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 136 p.
*Geiser, P.A., 1964, The Tucson Mountain Chaos in the Gates Pass area, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 73 p.
*Greenstein, G., 1961, The structure of the Amole Arkose north of King Canyon, Tucson Mountains, Arizona:  M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 42 p.
*Guild, F.N., 1905, Petrography of the Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: Am. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., v.20, p. 313-318.
*Horton, J.W., 1966, The geology of the Mam-A-Gah picnic area, Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 59 p.
*Imsiler, J.B., 1959, Structural geology of the Safford Peak area, Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 46 p.
*Jansen, L.J., 1967, Geology of the Sus Hills, Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona.
*Jenkins, O.P., and Wilson, E.D., 1920, A geological reconnaissance of the Tucson and Amole Mountains: Ariz. Bur. Mines Bull. 106, 18 p.
*Khanchoul, K., 1987, Relationship between lithology and slope form in the Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 78 p.
*Kinnison, J.E., 1958, Geology and ore deposits of the southern section of the Amole Mining district, Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 123 p.
*Kinnison, J.E., 1959, Chaotic breccia in the Tucson Mountains, Arizona: Arizona Geol. Soc. Guidebook 2, Southern Arizona, P. 48-57.
*Kinnison, J.E., 1959, Structures of the Saginaw Hill area, Tucson Mountains, Arizona: Arizona Geol. Soc. Guidebook II, Southern Arizona. p. 146-151.
*Knight, L.H., Jr., 1967, Structural geology of the Cat Mountain rhyolite in the northern Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 68 p.

*Lipman, P.W., and Fridrich, C. J., 1990, Cretaceous caldera systems, Tucson and Sierrita Mountains, Arizona: Ariz. Geological Survey Special Paper 7, p. 51-65.
*Mayo, E.B., 1961, Structure of a large phenocryst porphyry near Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum: Arizona Geol. Soc. Digest, v.4, p. 1-15.
*Mayo, E.B., 1963, Volcanic orogeny in the Tucson Mountains: Arizona Geol. Soc. Digest, v.6, p. 61-82.
*Mayo, E.B., 1966, Paleocurrents in the Museum Embayment, Tucson Mountains, Arizona: Arizona Acad. Sci. Jour., v.5, p. 203-214.
*Mayo, E.B., Feeders of an ash flow sequence on Bren Mountain, Tucson Mountain Park, Arizona: Arizona Geological Society digest, vol.9.
*Mayo, E.B., and McCullough, E.J., Jr., 1964, Emplacement of basement blocks in the Tucson Mountain Chaos near Tucson, Arizona: Arizona Acad. Sci. Jour., v.3, p. 81-86.
*McCoy, S., 1964, A description of the Tucson Mountain Chaos, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 45p.

*Risley, R., 1983, Sedimentation and stratigraphy of the lower Cretaceous Amole Arkose, Tucson Mountains, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson.
*Whitney, R.K., 1957, Stratigraphy and structure of the northeastern part of the Tucson Mountains: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 61 p.

Tumacacori Foothills
*Cunningham, J.E., 1964, Geology of the North Tumacacori foothills, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: PhD dissertation, University of Arizona, 139 p.

Tumamoc Hill
*Phillips, M.P., 1976, Geology of Tumamoc Hill, Sentinel Peak and vicinity, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 83 p.

 

Tungsten
*Bell, G.L., 1946, Tungsten deposits near Morristown, Maricopa County, Arizona: USGS Open-File Report, 5 p.
*Dale, V.B., Steward, L.A., and Mc Kinney, W.A., 1960, Tungsten deposits of Cochise, Pima, and Santa Cruz Counties, Arizona: US Bur. Mines Report 5650.
*Fredericksen, R.S., 1974, The secondary dispersion of tungsten in some southern Arizona tungsten districts: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 152 p.

*Hill, J.M., 1910, Note on the occurrence of tungsten minerals near Calabasas, Arizona: USGS Bull. 430, p.164-166.

*Richards, R.W., 1908, The Dragoon, Arizona, tungsten deposits: Min. Sci., v.57, p.93-94.
*Taft, H.H., 1916, Notes on the tungsten ores of the Southwest: Min. World, v.44, p. 1047-1048.
*Sheikh, A.M., 1966, Geology and ore deposits of Las Gulias tungsten district, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 44 p.
*Silver, Douglas B., 1980, The distribution of tungsten in limestone contact environments, Silver Bell Mine, Dos Cabezas Mountains, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, 58 p.
*Wilson, E.D., 1941, Tungsten deposits of Arizona: Ariz. Bur. Mines, Geol. Ser. n.14, Bull. n.148, p. 37-39.

Turkey Canyon, Yavapai County
*Krieger, M.H., 1967, Reconnaissance geologic map of the Turkey Canyon Quadrangle, Yavapai County, Arizona: USGS Misc. Inv. Map I-501, 1:62,500.

Turkey Track Porphyry
Mielke, J.E., 1965, Trace element investigation of the "Turkey Track" porphyry, southeastern Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson.

Turquoise
Hill, G.F., 1938, Turquoise; its history and significance in the Southwest: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, 210 p.

 

Twin Buttes, Pima County

*Andreasen, G.E., and Pitkin, J.A., 1963, Aeromagnetic map of the Twin Buttes area, Pima and Santa Cruz Counties, Arizona: USGS Map GP-42G.
*Britt, T.L., 1955 The Geology of the Twin Peaks Area, Pima County, Arizona: M.S thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 58 p..
*Brown, R.L., 1926, Geology and ore deposits of the Twin Buttes district: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 40 p.
*Burroughs, R.L., 1960, The structural geology of the Foy Ridge area, Twin Buttes, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 76 p.
*Cochran, H. Merle, 1914, Petrography of the Twin Hills, Pima County, Arizona, M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, tucson, 19 p.
*Cooper, J.R., 1970, Preliminary geologic map of the Twin Buttes Quadrangle, Pima County, Arizona: USGS Open File, 1:48,000.
*Cooper, J.R., 1973 (1974), Geologic map of the Twin Buttes quadrangle, southwest of Tucson, Pima County, Arizona: USGS Misc. Geol. Invest. Map I-745, 1:48,000.
*Gordon, E., 1922, The geology of the Twin Buttes mining district: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 12 p.
*Houser, F.N., 1949, The geology of the Contention Mine area, Twin Buttes, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, 61 p.
*Lacy, W.C., and Titley, S.R., 1962, Geological developments in the Twin Buttes district: Mining Congress Jour., v.48, p. 62-65.
*Lutton, R.J., 1961, A lensoidal rhyolite near Twin Buttes, Arizona: Arizona Geol. Soc. Digest, v. IV, p. 43.
*Richard, S.M., Spencer, J.E., Youberg, A., and Johnson, B.J., 2003, Geologic map of the Twin Buttes 7.5 minute Quadrangle, Pima County, Arizona: Ariz. Geol. Survey Digital Geol. Map 31, 1:24,000.
*Thacpaw, S.C., 1960, Geology of the Ruby Star Ranch area, Twin Buttes mining district, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 59 p.
*Weaver, R.R., 1965, Geologic interpretation of the Ruby Star ranch area, Twin Buttes mining district, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 74 p.
*Whitacre, H.E., 1948, Geology of the Morgan mine area, Twin Buttes, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 82 p.
*Wjitcomb, H.A., 1948, Geology of the Morgan mine area, Twin Buttes, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 82 p.