Arizona Geology References: L
Cochise College 
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Geology of Arizona
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Roger Weller, geology instructor
last edited: 12/8/15




*Armstrong, R.L., 1969, K-Ar dating of laccolithic centers of the Colorado Plateau and vicinity: GSA Bull., v.80, n.10, p. 2081-2086.


Laguna Dam

*Olmsted, F.H., 1973, Geologic map of the Laguna Dam 7.5 minute quadrangle Arizona and California: USGS Geol. Quad Map GQ-1014, 1:24,000.

Lake Cochise, Cochise County
Robinson, R.C., 1965, Sedimentology of beach ridge and nearshore deposits, fluvial Lake Cochise, southeastern Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 111 p.


Lake Mead

*Anderson, R.E., 1982, Miocene structural history south of Lake Mead, Nevada-Arizona (abstr.): GSA Abst. with Prog., v.14, p.145.

*Anderson, R.E., Longwell, C.R., Armstrong, R.I., and Marvin, R.F., 1972, Significance of K-Ar ages of Tertiary rocks from the Lake Mead region, Nevada-Arizona: GSA Bull., v.83, p. 273-288.

*Longwell, C.R., 1963, Reconnaissance geology between Lake Mead and Davis Dam, Arizona-Nevada: USGS Prof. Paper 374-E, p. 51, 1:125,000.

*Lucchita, I., and Young, R.A., 1986, Structure and geomorphic character of western Colorado Plateau in the Grand Canyon-Lake Mead region: in- Geology of central and northern Arizona, J.D. Nations, ed., et al, Flagstaff, Arizona: North. Arizona Creative Printers, p. 156-176.

*Ron, H., Aydin, A., and Nur, A., 1986, Strike-slip faulting and block rotation in the Lake Mead fault system: Geology, v.14, p. 1020-1023.

*Weber, M.E., and Smith, E.I., 1987, Structural and geochemical constraints on the reassembly of disrupted mid-Miocene volcanoes in the Lake Mead-Eldorado Valley area of southern Nevada: Geology, v.15, p. 553-556.

Lakeshore, Pinal County
*South, D.L., 1972, Sulfide zoning at the Lakeshore copper deposit, Pinal County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 102 p.


Land Subsidence

*Carpenter, M.C., 1986, Horizontal movement across the Picacho earth fissure, south-central Arizona 1980-1984 (abstr.): EOS, Trans., AGU, in- AGU 1986 fall meeting and also winter meeting, v.67, no.44, Nov.4, 1986, p. 938.

*Harmon, D.B., 1982, Subsidence in northeast Phoenix: a new problem for engineers: Ariz. Bur. of Geol. and Min. Tech. Fieldnotes, v.12, no.3, p.10-11.

*Larson, M.K., and Pewe, T.L., 1983, Earth fissures and land subsidence hazards in northeast Phoenix: Ariz. Bur. Geol. and Min. Tech. Fieldnotes, v.13, no.2, p. 8-11.
*Platt, W.S., 1963, Land surface subsidence in the Tucson area: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, 38 p.

*Schumann, H.H., 1986, Groundwater depletion and land subsidence in western Pinal County, Arizona: National Water Well Assoc. Conference on Southwestern Ground Water Issues, Tempe, Arizona, Proceedings, p. 533-552.

*Schumann, H.H., Cripe, L.S., and Laney, R.L., 1986, Land subsidence and earth fissures caused by groundwater depletion in southern Arizona, U.S.A.: IAHS-AISH Publication 151, in- Land Subsidence, Johnson, A.J. and others, p .841-851.

*Schumann, H.H., and Genualdi, R.B., 1986, Land subsidence, earth fissures, and water-level changes in southern Arizona: Ariz. Bur. Geol. and Min. Tech. Open-File Report 86-14, 1:5000,000.


La Paz County

*Bradley, M.A., 1987, Vein mineralogy, paragenetic sequence and fluid inclusion survey of the silver district, La Paz County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 131 p.

*Kreidler, T.J., 1986, Mineral investigation of a part of the Cactus Plain Wilderness Study Area (AZ-050-014A/B), La Paz County, Arizona: US Bureau of Mines MLA 64-86, 11 p., 1:62,500.

*Schabel, L., and Welty, J.W., 1986, Bibliography for metallic mineral districts in La Paz, Mohave, and Yuma Counties, Arizona: Ariz. Bur. of Geology and Mineral Tech., Circular 25, 45 p.

*Yeats, K.J., 1985, Geology and structure of the northern Dome Rock Mountains, La Paz County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 123 p.

*Yeats, K.J., 1985, Geologic map and structure section of the northerrn Dome Rural Mountains, La Paz County, Arizona: Ariz. Bur. Geol. and Min. Tech. Misc. Map MM-85-C, 1:12,000.


Laramide Orogeny

*Balla, J.C., 1972, The relationship of Laramide stocks to regional structure in central Arizona: PhD dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, 132 p.
*Bryant, B., 1988, The onset of the Laramide Orogeny: Professional Contributions of the Colorado School of Mines: in- GSA field trip guidebook, 1988, Centennial meeting, Denver, Colorado., G.S. Holden, ed., 12, p. 77-78.

*Damon, P.E., Mauger, R.L., and Bikerman, 1964, K-Ar dating of Laramide plutonic and volcanic rocks within the Basin and Range Province of Arizona and Sonora: Proc. Intern. Geol. Congress, 22nd, New Delhi, India.

*Davis, G.H., 1979, Laramide folding and faulting in southeastern Arizona: Amer. Jour. Sci., v. 279, p. 543-569.

*Haxel, G.B., and Grubensky, M.J., 1984, Tectonic significance of localization of middle Tertiary detachment faults along Mesozoic and early Tertiary thrust faults (abstr.): GSA Abstracts with Programs, v.16, p. 533.

*Haxel, G.B., Tosdal, R.M., May, D.J., and Wright, J.E., 1984, Latest Cretaceous and early Tertiary orogenesis in south-central Arizona:-Thrust faulting, regional metamorphism, and granitic plutonism: GSA Bull., v.95, p. 631-653.

*Heidrich, T.L., and Titley, S.R., 1976, Structural evolution of southwestern North American Laramide porphyry copper deposits and its relationship to the history of plate tectonics: Int. Geol. Congress, 25th, Sydney, Abs., v.3, p.740.

*Heidrich, T.L., and Titley, S.R., 1982, Fracture and dike patterns in Laramide plutons and their structural and tectonic implication: in- Titley, S.R., ed., Advances in Geology of the Porphyry Copper Deposits, Southwestern North America, Univ. of Ariz. Press, Tucson, p. 73-91

*Huntoon, P.W., 1974, Synopsis of Laramide structural geology of the eastern Grand Canyon, Arizona; in Eastwood, R.L., and others, eds., Geology of northern Arizona, Part I- Regional studies: Flagstaff, Northern Arizona University, p. 317-335.

*Keith, S.B., 1984, Map of outcrops of Laramide (Cretaceous-Tertiary) rocks in Arizona and adjacent regions: Ariz. Bur. Geol. and Min. Tech. Map 19, 1:500,000.

*Keith, S.B., 1985, Laramide, Galiuro, and San Andreas orogenies, Ray-Superior area, Pinal County, Arizona: Ariz. Geol. Soc. 1985 Fall Field Trip, 168 p.

*Keith, S.B., and Wilt, J.C., 1985, Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic orogenesis of Arizona and adjacent regions-a strato-tectonic approach: in- Flores, R.M., and Kaplan, S.S., eds., Cenozoic paleogeography of west-central U.S.: Soc. of Econ. Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Rocky Mountain Section, p. 403-437.

*Keith, S.B., and Witt, J.C., 1986, Laramide orogeny in Arizona and adjacent regions; a strato-tectonic synthesis: Ariz. Geological Society Digest, v.16, p. 502-551.

*Lang, J.R., 1991, Isotopic and geochemical characteristics of Laramide igneous rocks in Arizona: PhD, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 201 p.

*Moorbath, S.P., and Fairbairn, H.W., 1967, Evidence for the origin and age of some mineralized Laramide intrusives in the southwestern United States from strontium isotope and rubidium-strontium measurements: Econ. Geology, v.62, p. 228-236.

*Richard, K.E., and Courtright, J.H., 1960, Some Cretaceous-Tertiary relationships in southeastern Arizona and New Mexico: Ariz. Geol. Soc. Digest, v.3, p.1-7.
*Schmidt, E.A., 1972, Belts of Laramide-age intrusive rocks and fissure veins in southern Arizona: Arizona Geological Society Digest, vol. 9.


Las Gulias, Pima County
*Sheikh, A.M., 1966, Geology and ore deposits of the Las Gulias tungsten district, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 44 p.

Lava Flows

*Opdyke, N. D., and Runcorn, S.K., 1956, Remnant magnetization of lava flows in northern Arizona: Plateau, v.29, no.1, p. 1-5.



*Denton, T.C., 1947, Aravaipa lead-zinc deposit, Graham County, Arizona: USBM, RI 4007, 14 p.

*Nevin, J.N., 1912, The Castle Dome lead district, Arizona: Min. Sci. Press, v.104, p. 854-855.

Lead Mountain, Pima County
Alexis, C.O., 1939, The geology of Lead Mountain area, Pima County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 48 p.


Lees Ferry

*Lausen, C., 1936, The occurrence of minute quantities of mercury in the Chinle shales at Lees Ferry, Arizona: Econ. Geology, v.31, p. 610-617.

*Phoenix, D.A., 1963, Geology of the Lees Ferry area, Coconino County, Arizona: USGS Bull. 1137, p. 86, 1:24,000.

Lehner Mammoth Site, Cochise County
*Antev, E., 1959, Geological age of the Lehner mammoth site: American Antiquity, v.25, p.31-34.
*Haury, E.W., Sayles, E.B., and Wasley, W.W., 1959, The Lehner mammoth site: American Antiquity, v.25, p.2-30.
*Haynes, C.V., Jr., 1982, Archaeological investigations at the Lehner Site, Arizona, 1974-75: National Geographic Society Research Reports, 1970 Projects, p.347-353.
*Mehringer, P.J., Jr., and Haynes, C.V., Jr., 1965, The pollen evidence for the environment of early man and extinct mammals of the Lehner mammoth site, southeastern Arizona: American Antiquity, v.31, p. 17-23.



*Irwin, J.H., Akers, J.P., and Cooley, M.E., 1962, Geology of the Leupp Quadrangle, Arizona: USGS Misc. Inv. Map I-352, 1:62,500.



*Albritton, C.C., Jr., and Smith, J.F., Jr., 1956, The Texas lineament: 1st Geol. Congress, Sec.5, p. 501-518.

*Atencio, Elsbeth, A Photogeologic Survey of Fracture Traces and Lineaments in the Winona, Arizona Quadrangle: M.S. thesis, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff,  66p.
*Breed, W.J., 1964, Morphology and lineation of cinder cones in the San Franciscan volcanic field: in- Contributions to the geology of northern Arizona, Museum of N. Ariz. Bull.40, p. 65-71.
*Dockter, R.D., and Banks, N.G., 1977, Map showing photo lineaments in the Tortolita Mountains quadrangle, Arizona: USGS Open File Report 77-152, 1:62,5000.
*Krause, D.C., 19??, Texas Zone-Sierra Lane Zone: Science, v.146, n.3640, p. 57-59.

*Mayo, E.B., 1958, Lineament tectonics and some ore districts of the Southwest: Trans. AIME, v.211, p.1169-.
*McLain, J.P., 1965, Photographic analysis of lineaments in the San Francisco volcanic field, Coconino and Yavapai counties, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 31 p.

*Titley, S.R., 1976, Evidence for a Mesozoic linear tectonic pattern in southeastern Arizona: Arizona Geol. Soc. Digest, v.10, p. 71-101.

*Turner, G.L., 1962, The Deming axis, southeastern Arizona, New Mexico and Trans-Pecos, Texas: in- Weber, R.H., and Peirce, H.W., eds., Mogollon Rim region: New Mexico Geol. Soc., 13th Field Conf., Guidebook, p. 59-71.



*Davis, J.R., and Meier, A.L., 1976, Lithium reconnaissance of Arizona: USGS Open File 76-671, 15 p.


Little Colorado River

*Cooley, M.E., 1957, Geology of the Upper Little Colorado River drainage area, Arizona and New Mexico: M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 317 p.

Little Dragoon Mountains, Cochise County
*Enlows, H.E., 1939, Geology and ore deposits of the little Dragoon Mountains: PhD dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, 52 p.

Little Harquahala Mountains

*Richard, S.M., Reynolds, S.J., and Spencer, J.E., 1985, Mesozoic thrust sheets of the Harquahala and Little Harquahala Mountains, western Arizona (abs): GSA Abstracts with Programs, v.17, no.6, p.404.

*Richard, S.M., Reynolds, S.J., and Spencer, J.E., 1987, Mesozoic stratigraphy of the Little Harquahala and Harquahala Mountains, west-central Arizona: in Dickinson, W.R., and Klute, M.A., eds., Mesozoic rocks of southern Arizona and adjacent areas: Arizona Geological Society Digest 18, p. 101-119.
*Spencer, J.E., Richards, S.M., and Reynolds, S.J., 1985, Geologic map of the Little Harquahala Mountains, west-central Arizona: Ariz. Bur. of Geology and Min. Tech. Open-File Report 85-9, 18 p., 1:24,000.
Little Horn Mountains
*Grubensky, M.J., 1991, Geologic map of the Little Horn Mountains 15' quadrangle, southwestern Arizona: Arizona Geological Survey Map 29, 1:62,500.

Livingston Hills, Yuma County

*Livingston, L.E., 1978, Petrology and tectonic setting of the Livingston Hills Formation, Yuma County, Arizona: M.S. thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 57 p.
*Harding, L.E., 1980, Petrology and tectonic setting of the Livingston Hills Formation, Yuma County, Arizona: in- Jenney, J.P., and Stone, C., eds., Studies in western Arizona: Ariz. Geol. Soc. Digest, v.12, p.135-145.

*Tosdal, R.M., 1986, Mesozoic ductile deformation in the southern Dome Mountains, northern Trigo Mountains, Trigo Peaks, and Livingston Hills, southwestern Arizona, and Mule Mule Mountains, California: in- Ariz. Geol. Soc. Digest, Frontiers in geology and ore deposits of the Southwest, Barbara Beatty, ed. and others, v.16, p. 62-71.

Lochiel, Santa Cruz County
*Simons, F.S., 1974, Geologic map and sections of the Nogales and Lochiel quadrangles, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: USGS Misc. Inv. Series, Map I-762.


Lookout Mountain

*Krieger, M., 1969, Geologic map of the Lookout Mountain quadrangle, Arizona: USGS Quad. Map 670, 1:24,000.

*Kamilli, R.J., 1994, The Mammoth Au-Ag-base metal district, Arizona, as a detachment-fault-related deposit; evidence from fluid-inclusion studies (abstr.), GSA Abstracts with Prog., 1994 annual meeting, v.26, no.7, p.142.


Lost Basin, Mohave County

*Page, N.J., Theodore, T.G., and Bradley, L.A., 1986, Discussion of ultramafic and mafic rocks and platinum-group element analyses from the Lost Basin mining district, northwestern Arizona: USGS Open File Report 86-33, 13 p.

*Theodore, T.G., Blair, W.L., and Nash, J.T., 1982, Preliminary report on the geology and gold mineralization of the Gold Basin-Lost Basin mining districts, Mohave County, Arizona: USGS Open-File Report 82-1052, 352 p.


Lukachukai District

*Ellsworth, P.C., and Hatfield, K.G., 1951, Geology and ore deposits of Mesa VI, Lukachukai district, Arizona: USAEC, RMO-802, 12 p.



*Morrison, R.B., 1983, Late Pliocene and Quaternary geology, Lukeville/Sonoyta Quadrangle: Arizona Geological Survey Open-File Report OFR-84-3, 6 p., map 1:250,000.
*Peterson, J.A., Cox, D.P., and Gray, F., 1985, Mineral resource assessment of the Ajo and Lukeville 1 degree by 2 degree quadrangles, Arizona: USGS Open File Report 85-527, 77 p., 1:250,000.

*Peterson, J.A., and Tosdal, R.M., 1986, Mineral occurrence map and tabulation of geologic, commodity, and production data, Ajo and Lukeville quadrangles, southwestern Arizona: USGS Misc. Field Studies MF-1834-A, !:250,000.